CWE-107 Structs:未使用的验证表单

Struts: Unused Validation Form

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Variant

状态: Draft

被利用可能性: unkown


An unused validation form indicates that validation logic is not up-to-date.


It is easy for developers to forget to update validation logic when they remove or rename action form mappings. One indication that validation logic is not being properly maintained is the presence of an unused validation form.


  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 710 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 20 cwe_View_ID: 699 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 20 cwe_View_ID: 700 cwe_Ordinal: Primary


Language: {'cwe_Name': 'Java', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}


范围 影响 注释
Other Quality Degradation




Remove the unused Validation Form from the validation.xml file.


In the following example the class RegistrationForm is a Struts framework ActionForm Bean that will maintain user input data from a registration webpage for an online business site. The user will enter registration data and, through the Struts framework, the RegistrationForm bean will maintain the user data in the form fields using the private member variables. The RegistrationForm class uses the Struts validation capability by extending the ValidatorForm class and including the validation for the form fields within the validator XML file, validator.xml.

bad Java

public class RegistrationForm extends org.apache.struts.validator.ValidatorForm {

// private variables for registration form
private String name;
private String address;
private String city;
private String state;
private String zipcode;
// no longer using the phone form field

// private String phone;
private String email;

public RegistrationForm() {

// getter and setter methods for private variables

bad XML

<form name="RegistrationForm">
<field property="name" depends="required">
<arg position="0" key=""/>
<field property="address" depends="required">
<arg position="0" key="prompt.address"/>
<field property="city" depends="required">
<arg position="0" key=""/>
<field property="state" depends="required,mask">
<arg position="0" key="prompt.state"/>
<field property="zipcode" depends="required,mask">
<arg position="0" key="prompt.zipcode"/>
<field property="phone" depends="required,mask">
<arg position="0" key=""/>
<field property="email" depends="required,email">
<arg position="0" key=""/>

However, the validator XML file, validator.xml, for the RegistrationForm class includes the validation form for the user input form field "phone" that is no longer used by the input form and the RegistrationForm class. Any validation forms that are no longer required should be removed from the validator XML file, validator.xml.

The existence of unused forms may be an indication to attackers that this code is out of date or poorly maintained.


映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
7 Pernicious Kingdoms Struts: Unused Validation Form