CWE-228 语法无效结构处理不恰当

Improper Handling of Syntactically Invalid Structure

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Class

状态: Incomplete

被利用可能性: unkown


The product does not handle or incorrectly handles input that is not syntactically well-formed with respect to the associated specification.


  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 703 cwe_View_ID: 1000

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 707 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary


范围 影响 注释
['Integrity', 'Availability'] ['Unexpected State', 'DoS: Crash, Exit, or Restart', 'DoS: Resource Consumption (CPU)'] If an input is syntactically invalid, then processing the input could place the system in an unexpected state that could lead to a crash, consume available system resources or other unintended behaviors.


This application has registered to handle a URL when sent an intent:

bad Java

IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter("com.example.URLHandler.openURL");
MyReceiver receiver = new MyReceiver();
registerReceiver(receiver, filter);

public class UrlHandlerReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
if("com.example.URLHandler.openURL".equals(intent.getAction())) {
String URL = intent.getStringExtra("URLToOpen");
int length = URL.length();


The application assumes the URL will always be included in the intent. When the URL is not present, the call to getStringExtra() will return null, thus causing a null pointer exception when length() is called.


Maintenance This entry needs more investigation. Public vulnerability research generally focuses on the manipulations that generate invalid structure, instead of the weaknesses that are exploited by those manipulations. For example, a common attack involves making a request that omits a required field, which can trigger a crash in some cases. The crash could be due to a named chain such as CWE-690 (Unchecked Return Value to NULL Pointer Dereference), but public reports rarely cover this aspect of a vulnerability. Maintenance The validity of input could be roughly classified along "syntactic", "semantic", and "lexical" dimensions. If the specification requires that an input value should be delimited with the "[" and "]" square brackets, then any input that does not follow this specification would be syntactically invalid. If the input between the brackets is expected to be a number, but the letters "aaa" are provided, then the input is syntactically invalid. If the input is a number and enclosed in brackets, but the number is outside of the allowable range, then it is semantically invalid. The inter-relationships between these properties - and their associated weaknesses- need further exploration.


映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
PLOVER Structure and Validity Problems
OWASP Top Ten 2004 A7 CWE More Specific Improper Error Handling